“Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a science-based, decision-making process that identifies and reduces risks from pests and pest management related strategies. IPM coordinates the use of pest biology, environmental information, and available technology to prevent unacceptable levels of pest damage by the most economical means, while minimizing risk to people, property, resources, and the environment. IPM provides an effective strategy for managing pests in all arenas from developed agricultural, residential, and public lands to natural and wilderness areas. IPM provides an effective, all encompassing, low-risk approach to protect resources and people from pests.”
USDA National Road Map for Integrated Pest Management, 10/1/2013
IPM Programs Rely on the Following Steps:
Scouting and monitoring — regularly inspect for pests, plant injury, and/or evidence of damage.
Pest identification — management improves with specific knowledge of the pest, its life cycle and behavior.
Damage recognition — recognize damage caused by abiotic or biotic disease, arthropods, or vertebrates.
Action threshold — determine the point at which the pest population or plant damage level requires remediation.
Select appropriate strategy — cultural, physical, biological and/or chemical.
Evaluate the pest management program.