IPM PRINCIPLES FOR TURF AND LANDSCAPES
Cultural controls — practices that improve plant health and discourage pests.
Biological controls — living organisms that naturally suppress pest populations.
Physical controls — pruning and removing infected plant parts, hand destruction.
Horticultural techniques — irrigation, fertilization, mowing, aeration, soil testing.
FOLLOW THESE SIMPLE PRACTICES TO GET STARTED
Prune trees and shrubs away from the building.
Use alternate ways to control weeds in sidewalks and parking lots.
Use gravel around the building perimeter to prevent pests from entering the building.
Keep mulch 12 inches from the building foundation.
Manage irrigation and avoid ponding.
Direct irrigation water away from the building.
Use plants that are native or adapted to the area. See the list of recommended trees for the Front Range.
Avoid plants that attract bees.
Pest problems are created by the choices made in landscape plants, how the plants are placed, and how they are maintained.
Inspecting school grounds will help you eliminate areas where pests can gain access to the inside of the building. Carefully inspect the outside of the buildings to determine any potential entry points for pests.
COMMON PEST PROBLEMS ON SCHOOL GROUNDS
- stinging insects
- mice, foxes, coyotes, rabbits, skunks, voles, prairie dogs
- insect and disease problems
Weeds are the number one problem on school grounds. Ninety-six percent of schools reported that weeds have been a problem (2012 survey).
RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING SCHOOLS
IN THE STATE OF COLORADO,COLORADO DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT (6 CCR 1010-6)
A. The ground shall be self draining and free from depressions in which water may stand and be allowed to stagnate. The grounds shall be kept free from refuse, unused equipment, weed overgrowth, and other hazards. All outdoor areas shall be maintained in a sanitary condition and be free of insect and rodent harborages, open or accessible wells, grease traps, cisterns, cesspools, septic tanks, and/or utility equipment.
B. Raw agricultural products grown on-site shall be permitted in school cafeterias provided school gardens and greenhouses conform to U.S. Department of Agriculture Good Agricultural Practices.
C. Livestock or poultry shall be located more than 50 feet from food service areas, offices, or classrooms except those offices and classrooms associated with animal husbandry activities.
Irrespective of State law, School Districts can adopt higher standards.
SCHOOL IPM POLICIES MAY STIPULATE
• Who can apply pesticides
• When and where they can be applied
• A list of allowable pesticide products
• More rigorous requirements beyond pesticide label rules, e.g. extended reentry periods after pesticide applications
• Parent notification commitments
• Treated area posting details
• IPM contacts and school nurses
• A registry of students and staff who are chemically sensitive
• A plan regarding the storage of pesticide application records
• Mandated use of established Best Management Practices
• Education and training requirements for school staff, students, and/or parents