Learn more about pesticides and make informed decisions about their use.
Avoid pesticide poisonings in your home, CSU
Colorado Environmental Pesticide Education Program (CEPEP) — provides pesticide safety and training information, CSU
How risky is pesticide use on school grounds? — compares the environmental and health impacts of pesticides used in schools, California Department of Pesticide Regulation.
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS): Pesticides — conducts research to discover how the environment affects people in order to promote healthier lives.
National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) — provides objective, science-based information about pesticides and pesticide-related topics.
State and federal agencies
The Colorado Department of Agriculture regulates pesticide distribution and use in the state and is responsible for inspecting the sales of restricted use pesticide; the use, storage and disposal of pesticides and certain devices for pesticide application.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is responsible for licensing pesticides for use in the United States. In April 2014, EPA’s Center for Expertise for School IPM published their Model Pesticide Safety and IPM Guidance Policy for School Districts.
The Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center tracks and trends poison center calls related to potential pesticide exposures.
A Framework to Guide Selection of Chemical Alternatives is a decision framework for evaluating potentially safer chemical alternatives in terms of human health and environmental risks, National Academy of Sciences.
American Academy of Pediatrics, Council on Environmental Health. 2011. Policy statement: Chemical- management policy: Prioritizing children’s health. Pediatrics; 127:5 983-990.
American Academy of Pediatrics, Council on Environmental Health. 2012. Policy statement: Pesticide exposure in children. Pediatrics 130(6): e1757-e1763
Roberts, J. R. , Karr, C. J. and Council on Environmental Health. 2012. Pesticide exposure in children. Pediatrics 130(6): e1765-e1788.
Sanborn, M. et al. 2012. 2012 Systematic Review of Pesticide Health. Toronto: Ontario College of Family Physicians.
From University of California Berkeley, resources with information on health hazards of chemicals and other environmental agents.
It is important to weigh the potential risks and benefits when deciding how to control a pest problem.
Here are some advantages to using pesticides:
1. Pesticides are readily available and can be rapidly applied with minimal lag time. They are used when no effective, reliable, non-chemical alternatives are available.
2. Where resistance is not a problem, pesticides are generally effective for controlling pests.
3. Pesticides can be used over large areas to control large populations of pests.
4. Pesticide treatments may be cost effective, especially if the alternatives require increases in human labor.
Here are some disadvantages to using pesticides:
1. Pesticide applications are effective over a limited period of time. They are not a long-term solution to pest problems.
2. Resistance to pesticides is an increasing problem in the control of insects, disease vectors, plant disease organisms and weeds.
3. There are human health concerns from chronic exposure to pesticides. Problems with acute exposure are well-documented.
4. Pesticides and their breakdown products are found in soils, water, and other environments distant from their point of application.