The most effective, long-term way to manage insects is by using a combination of methods.
Biological control — using natural enemies (predators, parasites, pathogens and competitors). Learn more from the University of California or find biological controls of insects associated with trees and shrubs here.
Cultural control — practices that reduce pest establishment, reproduction, dispersal and survival. Learn more from North Carolina State University.
Mechanical and physical control — traps, mulches, barriers.
Chemical control — use of pesticides when needed and in combination with other approaches. To learn more
- Colorado Environmental Pesticide Education Program provides training on pesticide laws, worker protection and pesticide safety.
- Insecticide Use and Products, eXtension
The Northeastern IPM Center provided a synopsis of two prevailing views on neonicotinoids and pollinators in their April 2015 newsletter. Their goal is to bring this scientific discussion to your attention, not necessarily to promote either view. Click here to read the Activist View: Growing numbers of scientists warn against neonicotinoid use and the Industry View: Growers are concerned about the health of bees, too.
Beneficial Insects and Arthropods
Conservation of pollinators and beneficial insects (both predators and parasites) is an important aspect of practicing Integrated Pest Management.
Learn more about Beneficial Insects and Other Arthropods.
Learn more about pollinators:
- How can IPM help us save the pollinators? See the videoconference here, from the Northeastern IPM Center.
- How to Farm for Pollinators, Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation